10 IT Trends in 2022, From Artificial Intelligence (AI) to Virtual Reality (VR), from time to time the world’s technological developments continue to develop, especially with the Covid-19 pandemic increasingly growing the trend of digitalization of technology. Where, almost all work is done online at home.
So, the world community is also required to be literate to the developments and advances in technology that are happening today. Technology, apart from being able to facilitate various human activities, cannot be denied, it also creates its own threats starting from the level of personal data security and others.
Technological developments can also be utilized by institutions and higher education institutions, including universities. Moreover, universities are also centers of innovation for changes through technology. Then, 10 IT Trends in 2022, From Artificial Intelligence (AI) to Virtual Reality (VR)
10 IT Trends in 2022
- Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning
- Robotic Process Automation (RPA)
- Hybrid Cloud
- Edge Computing
- Cloud Based LMS
- Quantum Computing
- 5G Technology
- Cyber security
- Internet of Thing (IoT)
- Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality
1. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning
Artificial Intelligence (AI) or Machine Learning is a new technology trend known for its excellence in image and speech recognition, navigation apps, smartphone personal assistants, vehicle sharing apps, and more. AI is also widely used by various industrial sectors in today’s technological era and it is very possible to create new industries ranging from programming, testing, support and maintenance.
2. Robotic Process Automation (RPA)
Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is a software technology that works automatically that can be used to interpret applications, process transactions, handle data, and even reply to emails. RPA is positively able to facilitate various jobs and analyze them quickly and accurately as well as create career opportunities for many IT professionals. On the other hand, the presence of RPA will have a lot of human work taken over by this machine.
3. Hybrid Cloud
Digital transformation gives rise to new technologies, one of which is hybrid cloud. Hybrid cloud is a combination of public cloud and private cloud. Typically, organizations or companies store sensitive data using private cloud services, while other services are stored in public computing services.
Hybrid cloud is widely used by various technology-based companies to increase the security and resilience of their business. Indonesia was chosen by Google as the basis for the development of this cloud technology service data center.
4. Edge Computing
Edge Computing (EC) formerly cloud computing has become mainstream, with major players dominating the market. The adoption of cloud computing or Edge Computing (EC) continues to grow with major players such as AWS (Amazon Web Services), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform.
5. Cloud Based LMS
A cloud-based Learning Management System (LMS) is an LMS that allows you to access and use an LMS without having to install any software or hardware. To access the full features of this learning solution, you and the trainees only need to enter the web portal, which is the site of the service provider.
6. Quantum Computing
Quantum computing is a form of computing that utilizes quantum phenomena such as superposition and quantum entanglement. The technology is also involved in preventing the spread of the coronavirus, and for developing potential vaccines, thanks to its ability to easily query, monitor, analyze and act on data, regardless of its source.
Quantum computing is also widely used by banking and other financial industries to manage credit risk, for high-frequency trading and fraud detection.
7. 5G Technology
Previously we were familiar with 3G and 4G technology in surfing the internet, using data-based services, increasing bandwidth and others quickly. In 2021, we look forward to the birth of 5G, where these services rely on advanced technologies such as AR and VR, along with cloud-based gaming services such as Google Stadia, NVidia GeForce Now, and more.
5G technology is also expected to be used in factories, HD cameras that help improve safety and traffic management, smart network control as well as smart retail.
In line with technology that continues to develop, of course, it requires cyber security to support it. It is not wrong if the trend of cyber security from time to time will continue to grow and become the front line in maintaining data security.
9. Internet of Thing (IoT)
Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept where an object has the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction. IoT has evolved from the convergence of wireless technologies, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), and the Internet.
“A Things” in the Internet of Things can be defined as a subject such as a person with an implanted heart monitor, a farm animal with a biochip transponder, a car that has built-in sensors to alert the driver when tire pressure is low. By far, IoT is most closely related to machine-to-machine (M2M) communications in manufacturing and electricity, oil, and gas. Products built with M2M communication capabilities are often referred to as intelligent or “smart” systems. For example, smart cables, smart meters, smart grid sensors.
10. Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality
Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR), and Extended Reality (ER) are another 2021 technology trend. Where, in the process VR immerses the user in an environment while AR enhances their environment.
This technology trend is mainly used for gaming, it is also used for training, as is VirtualShip, the simulation software used to train US Navy, Army, and Coast Guard captains. AR and VR have enormous potential in training, entertainment, education, marketing, and even rehabilitation after injury in medicine.
Those are some IT trends in 2021? With the rapid development of technology, of course this will not stop here, there will be many innovations in the future that will facilitate human work. Now universities can quickly adapt to these technologies.